Literary Museum named after F.M. Dostoevsky was opened on January 28, 1983. It is located in one of the oldest buildings of Omsk, built in 1799, for the commandants of the Omsk fortress.
In July 1859 in this house, visiting the last commandant A.F. de Grave, was visited by the writer FM. Dostoevsky. The central part of the museum exposition is devoted to its life and work, and – above all – the Omsk period (1850-1854). Convicted of participating in the Petrashevsky, F.M. Dostoevsky spent four years in Omsk penal servitude. In the basement of the museum, the chamber of Omsk prison of the middle of the XIX century is reproduced. The interior of the prison barracks gives an idea of the conditions of penal servitude.
What is the Omsk convict prison? What did the prison clothes look like? What were the shackles that Dostoevsky had not taken off for four years? What was the Siberian Notebook before it began to be printed in the writer’s collections of works — you can learn about this and many other things by visiting the museum.
The exhibition presents rare lifetime editions of F.M. Dostoevsky, issues of the magazines “Time”, “Notes of the Fatherland”, “Russian Gazette” with the publication of the writer’s works A valuable exhibit is the Gospel of 1823 edition – exactly such a book was presented to Petrashevs in the Tobolsk transfer prison by NK Decembrists. Fonvizina and P.E. Annenkovoy.
Omsk impressions were reflected in many works of the writer: our city was captured in the pages of the novels “Notes from the House of the Dead” and “Crime and Punishment”, and Dmitry Ilainsky served as the prototype of Dmitry Karamazov, who had served his sentence in Omsk prison.
The museum is also dedicated to the history of literature of Siberia, its vivid representatives. The names of writers, known far beyond its borders, are connected with the city. Among them: F.A. Berezovsky, A.S. Sorokin, L.N. Martynov, P.N. Vasiliev, G.A. Vyatkin, R.I. Rozhdestvensky, S. P. Zalygin, T. M. Belozerov, A.P. Kutilov and many others.
The museum holds exhibitions, book presentations, creative evenings, meetings with writers, thematic literary living rooms, and conferences. In recent years, along with the traditional forms of work, literary quest-excursions, author programs and museum lessons on literary local history for students of different ages have been developed.
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